Cerebral Palsy: the most common motor disability. A group of disorders that affect a person's ability to move, maintain posture, and balance themselves.
Cerebral Palsy is often caused by damage that has occurred in the brain that affects its overall development. This disruption of development affects the ability to:
Maintain muscle tone
Did you know that:
Nearly 70% of Cerebral Palsy cases are the result of an injury at birth?
Over 1 million people in the U.S. are living with CP?
Approximately 10,000 babies are diagnosed with CP each year?
When Cerebral Palsy might appear noticeable:
CP might be recognizable as early as infancy or during the years of preschool and is categorized as a “non-progressive” disorder. Non-progressive essentially means that it will not continue to develop or get worse.
Common abilities affected:
Range of Motion
*CP increases the likelihood of seizure activity or one becoming blind or deaf
There are four main types of CP:
1. Spastic: stiffness and difficulty moving (most common type)
Hemiplegic: affects one side of the body
Diplegic: affects both legs
Qudrapelgic: affects all four limbs and the trunk
Monoplegia: only one limb is affected
2. Dyskenetic/Athetoid: causes uncontrollable movements
3. Ataxic: causes problems with balance and depth perception
4. Mixed: has symptoms of more than one type
How do we treat CP at Marshall Pediatric Therapy?
Marshall's multidisciplinary approach to treatment ensures that there's a comprehensive level of commitment to care. Marshall Pediatric Therapy offers Pediatric Occupational Therapy, Speech-Language Therapy, Physical Therapy, Mental Health Therapy, and a behavior program (Building Blocks Program), for children diagnosed with autism. Together, these disciplines can work together to address all possible concerns. Below you can see how Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, and Speech-Language therapy services contribute to what is being addressed. Marshall Pediatric Therapy has successfully treated a wide array of Cerebral Palsy diagnoses, ranging from milder to much more complex conditions. Marshall works with each individual patient and their family to instill confidence along the way.
Occupational Therapy works on:
Becoming more aware of one's surroundings (deficits of proprioception)
Developing and following a routine
Assists with activities of daily living
Works on gross motor and fine motor skills
Helps to control sensory and emotional needs
Physical Therapy works on:
Develops hand-eye coordination
Improving one’s balance
Optimizing physical functioning levels (endurance and core alignment)
Speech-Language Therapy works on:
Formation of sounds and words
Development of language and vocabulary
Speech volume (breath support and control)
Speech muscles and coordination
What are the common symptoms of CP?
*Note that some symptoms are more obvious than others
Ataxia lack of balance and coordination
Difficulty with fine motor skills
Poor bone density
Emotional and behavioral challenges
Vision and hearing impairment